These amazing mugshots of female criminals were taken at the turn of the 20th century In New South Wales, Australia. The women were photographed straight after they had been charged with a crime, each of which can be found in the description above each photo.

All these images are from Historic Houses Trust, check out their website for other collections, exhibitions and events.

1) Amy Lee, January 30th, 1930

Amy Lee was described in court as a ‘good looking girl until she fell victim to the foul practice’ of snorting cocaine. Her dry, blotchy skin is testament to the evils of addiction. Aged 41.

Female Mugshots12) Alice Clarke, April 3rd, 1916

Convicted of selling liquor without a licence. Alice Clarke was an entrepreneur who took advantage of restrictive liquor regulations, which forced pubs to close at 6pm. As a “sly grogger” she sold high-priced alcohol from a private residence. Clarke’s arrest came only weeks after the legislation was introduced. Aged 42

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3) Dorothy Mort, April 18th, 1921

Convicted of murder. Mrs Dorothy Mort was having an affair with dashing young doctor Claude Tozer. On 21 December 1920 Tozer visited her home with the intention of breaking off the relationship. Mort shot him dead before attempting to commit suicide. Aged 32.

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4) Doris Winifred Poole, July 31st, 1924

Doris Poole appeared before the Newtown Police Court charged with stealing jewellery and clothing. She had previously been convicted on a similar charge in North Sydney and so received a six-month sentence with light labour. DOB: 6 June 1903.

Doris Winifred Poole, criminal record number 639LB, 31 July 1924. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay, NSW.

5) Annie Gunderson, September 20th, 1922

Charged with stealing a fur coat. Teenager Annie Gunderson was charged with stealing a fur coat from a Sydney department store called Winn’s Limited, in 1922. Police records do not indicate whether the fur she is wearing is the stolen item. Aged 19.

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6) Emily Gertrude Hemsworth, May 14th 1925

Emily Hemsworth killed her three-week-old son but could not remember any details of the murder. She was found not guilty due to insanity. Hemsworth was to be detained in custody until judged fit to return to society – it is unknown if she was ever released. Aged 24.

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7) Elizabeth Singleton, April 27th, 1927

Elizabeth Singleton had multiple convictions for soliciting and was described in police records as a ‘common prostitute’. She was imprisoned at Long Bay but the details of her sentence have been lost. DOB: 9 July 1905.

Elizabeth Singleton, criminal record number 706LB, 27 April 1927. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay, NSW.

8) Elizabeth Ruddy, January 5th, 1915

Elizabeth Ruddy was a career criminal who was convicted of stealing from the house of one Andrew Foley. She was sentenced to 12 months with hard labour. DOB: 1854, Scotland.

Elizabeth Ruddy, criminal record number 165LB, 5 January 1915. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

9) Edith Florence Ashton, August 29th, 1929

Edith Ashton was a backyard abortionist who also dabbled in theft and fencing stolen goods. Described in the media as a ‘social somebody’ and an ‘equestrienne’ she was, however, not adept at performing abortions and was suspected of contributing to the deaths of at least two women. Aged 37.

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10) Eugenia Felleni, alias Harry Crawford, August 16th, 1928

Convicted of murder. Eugenia Falleni spent most of her life masquerading as a man. In 1913 Falleni married a widow, Annie Birkett, whom she later murdered. The case whipped the public into a frenzy as they clamoured for details of the ‘man-woman’ murderer. Aged approximately 43.

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11) Ettie Sultana, November 17th, 1922

Prostitute Ettie Sultana worked in northern New South Wales and in the Queensland cities of Brisbane and Toowoomba for most of her career. She had multiple convictions for prostitution, theft, drunkenness, swearing and vagrancy. She was sentenced to six months with hard labour. DOB: 31 December 1885.

Ettie Sultana, criminal record number 558LB, 17 November 1922. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

12) Esther Eggers December 16th, 1919

Crime: malicious injury to property and wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm. When a police officer arrived to arrest Esther Eggers for malicious damage she attacked him, causing serious injury. Eggers was sentenced to 12 months prison. Aged 22.

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13) Jessie Longford, July 22nd, 1926

Legendary undercover policeman Constable CJ Chuck, or ‘The Shadow’ as he was known within the criminal milieu, was responsible for the arrest of Jessie Longford, a well-known shoplifter. Aged 30.

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14) Janet Wright, February 16th, 1922

Convicted of using an instrument to procure a miscarriage. Janet Wright was a former nurse who performed illegal abortions from her house in Kippax Street, Surry Hills. One of her teenage patients almost died after a procedure and Wright was prosecuted and sentenced to 12 months hard labour. Aged 68.

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15) Evelyn Courtney, November 3rd, 1920

Evelyn Courtney stole a remarkable array of items, ranging from an umbrella to Irish linen napkins. She was a suspect in at least seven different robberies during 1920. Aged 19.

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100 Year Old Vintage Female Mugshots

16) Mary Rubina Brownlee, April 4th, 1923

Convicted of unlawfully using an instrument to procure a miscarriage. Mary Brownlee was a backyard abortionist who was caught during an extensive police investigation. She was sentenced to 12 months light labour, but her male accomplice was acquitted. Aged 64.

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17) Lillian Sproule, October 31st, 1928

Tasmanian Lillian Sproule became involved in Sydney’s cocaine trade. She was labelled a ‘parasite in skirts’ by the newspapers and had multiple convictions relating to drug dealing. She was sentenced to six months in prison. DOB: 1878.

Lillian Sproule, criminal record number 746LB, 31 October 1928. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay, NSW

18) Leslie Selina Gertrude Rees, October 8th, 1915

Leslie Rees was convicted of bigamy at the Moree Quarter Sessions and was sentenced to four months light labour. Women from regional centres were transferred to Sydney to serve their time. Age unknown.

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19) Kathleen Ward, May 14th, 1925

Kathleen Ward had convictions for drunkenness, indecent language and theft. She obviously enjoyed thumbing her nose at the authorities, as can be seen in this image where she appears to have deliberately fluttered her eyes in order to ruin the long-exposure photograph. DOB: 1904.

Kathleen Ward, criminal record number 658LB, 14 May 1925. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

20) Matilda Devine, May 27th, 1925

Matilda ‘Tilly’ Devine used a razor to slash a man’s face in a barber’s shop and was sentenced to two years gaol. She was Sydney’s best-known brothel madam and her public quarrels with sly-grog queen Kate Leigh provided the media with an abundance of material. Aged 25.

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21) May Smith, April 8th, 1929

May Smith, alias ‘Botany May’, was an infamous drug dealer. She once chased policewoman Lillian Armfield with a red-hot iron to avoid arrest. Smith was sentenced to 10 months with hard labour. DOB: 1880.

May Smith, criminal record number 755LB, 8 April 1929, State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay, NSW

22) May Ethel Foster, March 27th, 1928

May Foster worked with a male accomplice to break into numerous houses and steal the contents. She had previous convictions for vagrancy, failing to appear in court and receiving stolen goods. She was sentenced to six months with hard labour. Aliases: May Saunders, Hopkins. DOB: 19 September 1901. Criminal associate: Albert Roy Callaway (28).

May Ethel Foster, criminal record number 717LB, 27 March 1928. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

23) Myrtle Lee, August 4th, 1927

Myrtle Lee, described in the media as ‘a well-dressed woman’, stabbed Mary Moon twice at the residence of a Chinese man in Alexandria. The press emphasised the racial nature of the attack with a headline ‘White and Yellow’. Lee was sentenced to six months gaol. Aged 35.

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24) Mildred Kruss, December 16th, 1919

Mildred Kruss married her first husband in 1914. After the marriage broke down she neglected to go through the difficult and expensive divorce process. Upon marrying her second husband in 1918 she was convicted of bigamy and sentenced to six months with light labour. DOB: 1892

Mildred Kruss, criminal record number 467LB, 16 December 1919. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

25) Pearl McFadden, October 31st, 1928

Pearl McFadden may have been supporting herself by working as a prostitute. Many sex workers were charged with vagrancy and having insufficient means of support, as it was a relatively easy charge to prove. McFadden was sentenced to six months with hard labour. DOB: 1910.

Pearl McFadden, criminal record number 742LB, 31 October 1928. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay, NSW.

26) Patsy Neill, January 30th, 1930

Charged with theft and possession of cocaine. Barmaid Patsy Neill was involved in various criminal activities including theft and selling cocaine. In 1932 she had a disagreement over money with the infamous sly grogger Kate Leigh, which led to Neill being threatened with a gun. Neill was described in the press as ‘looking like a mannequin on parade’. Aged 26.

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27) Nellie Cameron, July 29th, 1930

Nellie Cameron was one of Sydney’s best-known, and most desired, prostitutes. Lillian Armfield, Australia’s first policewoman, said Cameron had an ‘assured poise that set her apart from all the other women of the Australian underworld’. Aged 21.

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28) Phyllis Carmier, April 1st, 1921

British-born Carmier was known as ‘Yankee’ Phyllis because of her peculiar accent. She stabbed her ‘bludger’, or pimp, to death during a violent altercation in Crazy Cottage, a sly-grog shop in Surry Hills. Carmier attracted much sympathy in the media, who labelled her crime a justifiable homicide. Aged 32.

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29) Philomena Mary Best, March 15th, 1927

Philomena Best stole silk and other goods valued at over 36 pounds (about $2000 today) from a Bourke shopkeeper. She was convicted and sentenced to 12 months with light labour. Convicted of larceny. Philomena Best stole sumptuous silk and other items from her employer Namut Khan of Bourke, in north-western New South Wales. Aged 33.

Philomena Mary Best, criminal record number 696LB, 15 March 1927. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.

30) Marjorie Day, alias Elma Walton, February 13th, 1925

Marjorie Day convinced a shopkeeper to let her take two dresses home to show her mother. She promised to return promptly but instead sold the clothes at a second-hand clothing shop. A repeat offender, Day was sentenced to six months prison. Aged: 20. DOB: 11 January 1905.

Marjorie Day, criminal record number 655LB, 13 February 1925. State Reformatory for Women, Long Bay.